John Chamberlain was born in 1927 in Rochester, Indiana, and grew up mostly in Chicago. Following his service in the United States Navy from 1943 to 1946, Chamberlain attended the Art Institute of Chicago, where he first began making welded steel sculptures. He went on to finish his degree at Black Mountain College from 1955-1956. Chamberlain moved to New York upon graduating and began incorporating old scrap metal from cars into his sculptures in 1957, causing him to become an almost instant sensation. As a result, he is largely credited with translating the Abstract Expressionist style of painting into three dimensions, which has previously been confined to two dimensional canvases. His work was included in The Art of Assemblage exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 1961, and he began showing at Leo Castelli Gallery in 1962. That year, Donald Judd stated that Chamberlain was the greatest sculpture alive under age 40. Much of Chamberlain’s career was devoted to sculpture, often experimenting with new materials and working on an ever-increasing scale. In 1980 he moved from New York to Sarasota, Florida to find a studio to accommodate his visions for larger works. Yet the artist also experimented with other mediums, such as painting, which he began in 1963, and film and photography, which he explored from the late 1980s until his death. Chamberlain also created prints throughout his long career, especially in the latter half of his life. The artist died in New York in 2011. Chamberlain was well exhibited before and after his death in both group and solo shows, and his works are in major museum collections around the world. A permanent installation of his works is on view at Dia:Beacon. He received a major retrospective at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York in 2012.