Barnet Newman was born on January 29, 1905 in New York City, to Polish immigrant parents. Newman studied philosophy at City College of New York and initially worked in his father’s clothing manufacturing business. It was not until the 1930s that Newman began to seriously work as an artist. While initially an expressionist, Newman threw away this style and won acclaim as a major figure in the Abstract Expressionist movement. Newman was a prominent member of the Uptown Group, especially following the critical and financial success of his 1948 solo show at Betty Parsons Gallery. While he had some notoriety in his life time, his fame was largely overshadowed by Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, and Clyfford Still. Yet, today he is widely regarded to have been a precursor for and a much stronger influence on artists of the post painterly abstraction movement, such as Donald Judd and Frank Stella.